- The AI Index Report 2023 shows a drop in global private investment in AI for the first time in a decade.
- The US experienced a 35.5% drop in investment, while China saw a decline of 41.3%.
- Despite the dip, overall trends in AI investment remain positive, with 2022 investment 18 times higher than in 2013.
- Medical and healthcare, data management, and fintech are the top sectors for AI investment.
- The report highlights the growing influence of China in AI research and development.
A Temporary Setback: AI Investment Declines in 2022
According to the AI Index Report 2023 by the Institute for Human-Centered AI at Stanford University, global private investment in AI fell for the first time in a decade, dropping 26.7% from $125.4 billion in 2021 to $91.9 billion in 2022. The number of funding events, newly financed AI firms, M&A, and IPOs experienced similar declines.
The Bigger Picture: A Decade of AI Investment Growth
Despite the recent dip, the overall trend for AI investment has been on the rise. Private investment in AI in 2022 was still 18 times higher than in 2013. The US and China, major players in financing AI development, experienced a decline in investment of 35.5% and 41.3% respectively.
Key Sectors for AI Investment
AI investment in 2022 was highest in medical and healthcare at $6.1 billion, followed by data management, processing, and cloud at $5.9 billion, and fintech at $5.5 billion. This demonstrates the continued interest and potential for growth in these sectors.
Shift in AI Development: From Academia to Private Industry
The AI Index Report points out a significant shift in the development of machine learning (ML) models. While academia dominated ML model production until 2014, private industry has since taken the lead. In 2022, private industry produced 32 significant ML models, while academia contributed only three.
China’s Growing Influence in AI Research
Although the US remains the leader in ML model production, its position is gradually weakening, as evidenced by AI conference and repository citations. Conversely, China’s influence is growing, with the country holding the highest number of AI journal, conference, and repository publications in 2022. Chinese citizens also show high optimism towards AI products and services, with 78% of respondents in a 2022 IPSOS survey believing that AI has more advantages than disadvantages.
Job Market and Ethical Challenges
The number of AI-related job postings in the US increased across almost all sectors, with the exception of agriculture, forestry, fishery, and hunting. The AI Index Report 2023 also highlights the ethical challenges associated with deploying AI systems like ChatGPT and DALL-E, which are prone to biases and can be manipulated for unethical purposes.
The AI, Algorithmic, and Automation Incidents and Controversies (AIAAIC) database shows a rapid increase in incidents related to the unethical use of AI, with the number of AI-related incidents and controversies rising 26 times since 2012. Some notable incidents in 2022 included the creation of a deepfake video of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and the use of call-monitoring technology on inmates in US prisons.
Looking Ahead: AI Investment and Development
Although AI investment has experienced a decline, the overall trend remains positive, with growing interest across various industries. The dip in 2022 could be a momentary setback, as the potential for AI applications continues to expand. With the increasing influence of China in AI research and the shift in ML model development from academia to private industry, the future of AI investment and development remains promising.
The challenges faced by the AI sector, such as ethical considerations and potential biases, present opportunities for researchers and developers to create more robust and responsible AI systems. As advancements continue, the AI landscape will likely evolve, leading to new innovations and investment opportunities.